Roofing Issues & Your Roof Material Matters
Poor or Faulty Installation
Faulty roof installation will undoubtedly have consequences. Poor roofing installation will result in higher risk of costly problems as well as decreasing the product life expectancy of your roof. If your uncertain of the condition of your roofing installation, contact the roofing professionals at G&R Roofing for your free inspection.
Leaks and Moisture
Wind, rain, hail, snow, ice, and debris can lead to moisture getting under the layers of roof and causing leaks, mold, and/or rot. Get your roof inspected before storm season to circumvent moisture issues that could require full roof replacement.
Improperly Installed Flashing
Flashing is what seals the areas where your roof has been penetrated (like vent pipes, sky lights, chimneys, and heating and HVAC systems). When flashing is poorly attached, it can cause open seams and laps and ultimately allow water to enter your home. Improperly installed flashing can also reduced puncture resistance in your roof.
Birds, small animals and creatures, and insects can cause significant roof damage. If your DIY methods are unsuccessful, contact your local community center or your local pest control company for help on evicting critters.
Water that ponds or stands on your roof is a guarantee of a looming problem. Common causes range from debris buildup to improper drainage of HVAC units and gutters.
Punctures and Penetrations
The sealant and flashing around penetrations (such as vents for household appliances and HVAC) added after the roofing was completed need to be looked at regularly. Storm damage can result in punctures and penetrations from wind and hail storms.
Overhanging tree limbs can rub on a roof, abrading the surface of the shingles and wearing away the protective top layer. Branches can also fall on the roof creating even more serious damage. Regularly trim your tree branches as much as possible. Keep tree branches away from your roof, and if needed, remove the tree completely.
Adequate ventilation regulates temperature and moisture levels in the attic. Left unchecked, heat and moisture can build up causing damage to rafters, sheathing, shingles, insulation, and raising energy costs, any may also lead to some ugly mold and mildew problems.
Shrinkage and Blistering
Shrinkage is caused when the roof membrane (the stuff under the tiles or shingles) shrinks, most often causing cracks or crazing in the upper layer. Blistering, ridging, splitting, and surface erosion of shingles can eventually lead to bigger problems.
Improper or Lack of Maintenance
Lack of roof maintenance is probably a roof’s worst enemy. Many problems start out as minor, such as the need to remove overhanging tree limbs or cleaning backed up gutters. But when not corrected these problems can create serious damage. Routine inspection and maintenance can extend the life of your roof and that can save you a lot of money. Contact G&R Roofing to schedule your inspection and/or maintenance program.
Type of Roofing Repairs
All roofs are not created equal. The main purpose of your roof is to provide cover and shelter from the elements, but the impact of the elements can differ depending on the type of roofing material your roof is made up of. There are 2 main types of roofing material:
- Composition Shingle roofs
- Metal and Tile roofs
A description of each type of roof and a few of the common repairs each would need are described below.
Shingle roofs are one of the most popular roofing styles. The shingles are rectangular grooved or flat slabs that are made from a variety of materials including slate, fiber glass, metal, plastic, asphalt, cement stone and rubber composites. Shingle roofs have a fairly long lifespan of between 18 to 20 years. Some newer shingle products can last up to 30 years.
Typical Repairs for Shingle Roofs
Some of the common damage that is observed on shingle roofs after a period of between 5 and 10 years include the following:
- missing shingle
- split shingles
- exposed shingle bed
- wind lifted shingles
- exposed nail heads
- shrunken shingles
- Worn out shingles
- Weakened flashing around chimneys
Repair for Shingle Roofs
A roof inspection before and after carrying out roof repairs will help the owner evaluate the lifespan of the newly repaired roof. The repairs will include replacing broken, shrunken, spilt and cracked shingles, relaying the shingle bed in cases of leaks, adding new sealant between shingle beds and replacing weak flashing. It is advisable to use the same type of shingle as those found on a particular type of roof. Using different types of shingles ends up reducing the lifespan of the roof. For instance, using composite shingles on a slate shingle roof actually decreases the life of the roof by 2 years. It is therefore necessary to make sure the contractor actually uses the appropriate shingles.
Metal and Tile Roofs
Metal and tile roof have the longest service of all the available roof types and is the reason why these two roof types are grouped together. Both have a service life of at least 40 years. However, between the two, metal roofs need the least repairs compared to tile roofs.
Repair of metal and tile roofs
Initially metal roofs were susceptible to rusting however with the current advancements in preventive measures such as efficient electroplating, these roofs can last up to 50 years without needing any repair. Tile roofs on the other hand experience problems similar to both single and shake roofs. These roofs include the following:
- Missing tiles
- Split and broken tiles,
- Worn out tiles
Repairs carried out on a roof tile would therefore include the replacement of missing, split, broken and worn out tiles. It might also include replacing the bed on which the tiles are laid where tile damage has resulted in leaks.
In order to ensure that the appropriate roof repairs are carried out on your roof, it would be necessary to carry out a roof inspection first. The roof inspection would help determine the actual damage. It is advisable for potential home owners to have a roof inspection performed by a licensed roofing contractor, not just a home inspector prior to buying the house. The roof inspection ensures homeowners get the best value for their money.
Problem #1: Broken or Missing Shingles or Tiles
Missing or broken shingles/tiles can allow the roof underlayment (waterproofing element) to erode. How? Well, with it gone, the underlayment is now vulnerable to the elements, like the sun and birds.
Problem #2: Organic Debris between Shingles orTiles
Organic debris (plant materials like mold and lichen) can literally eat away at the roofing material orunderlayment. Leaving your roof like this can void your roof’s warranty! If your roof is covered with piles of leaves, twigs, and other debris, schedule professional roofing maintenance as soon as possible.
Problem #3: Bad Flashing
Flashing (the non-trenchcoat variety) is the material around any pipes, vents or other protrusions on your roof. Bad or improper flashing can lead to water damage.
Problem #4: Water Damaged Fascia Boards
A fascia board is a long, straight board that runs along the lower edge of your tile roof. These boards may need repairing or replacing because they’re vulnerable to water and can rot.
Look for cracks and discoloration in the fascia boards around the roof.
Problem 5: Sagging Roof
If you see your roof sagging, then there are two possible problems:
- Some roofing material has weakened
- Your roof has too much weight
You may have to have a professional roofer coordinate with a structural engineer to analyze and correct any structural issues with your roof.
The Problem You Can’t Easily See: Bad Underlayment
The barrier between your roof and your home with the purpose of protecting your home from water damage. Vital but impossible to see from above. Testing underlayment is not a task one can do yourself, rather a roofing professional inspection will be required. Contact G&R Roofing for your annual inspection, roof repair, roof replacement, and new roof install needs. The main thing to know is that underlayment needs replacement every 12-20 years. If the age of your roof is around that bracket, contact G&R Roofing today.